Emotional selection in memes: The case of urban legends. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 81, No. 6. (2001), pp. 1028-1041, doi:10.1037/0022-35188.8.131.528 by Chip Heath, Chris Bell, Emily Sternberg
This academic source talks about meme selection to determine which ideas survive in a social environment. In particular, it examines how human emotions are related to how some memes are chosen over others and spread more than others. Furthermore, the article draws some conclusions suggesting that our emotional selection of memes can have impacts on communities and relationships. The article focuses in particular on contemporary legends as memes. The article demonstrates how some of these legends can influence the behavior of large groups and communities. This source is important but slightly limited due to the fact that the referenced studies used only the selection of disgust as their emotional factor. Another limitation is that the studies do not determine the factors that cause emotional selection to occur in the first place.
Gal, Noam, et al. ““It Gets Better”: Internet Memes and the Construction of Collective Identity.” New Media & Society, vol. 18, no. 8, Sept. 2016, pp. 1698-1714. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1177/1461444814568784.
This academic source is about a YouTube video that was uploaded in September of 2010. The video was in response to the suicide of a homosexual teen. Soon after, hundreds of people took the idea of this video and created more. This apparatus of videos can be conceptualized as an internet meme. This article explores how the process of meme formation can help to develop collective identities. In particular, the article examines LGBTQ identity formation. According to this source, the formation of identities may require the validation of certain values and norms through public discourse. The creation and transmission of memes can contribute to and even mold this process. Essentially, memes can be social tools that help negotiate terms of socialization.
Julien, Chris. “Bourdieu, Social Capital and Online Interaction.” Sociology, vol. 49, no. 2, 2015, pp. 356–373., doi:10.1177/0038038514535862.
This academic source argues that the standard understanding of internet interactions is lacking; social interactions online may be less communitarian and more agonistic. This understanding is important because it may characterize aggressive or scathing undertones within offline socialization as well. According to the article, people who participate and invest time in online communities have set up parameters of interaction. By this, “clearly identifiable cultures” are formed. Those “individuals who invest time online develop skills and a way of interacting that is unique to online culture”. The insights of this source are valuable because it offers another way to demonstrate how meme culture contributes to online and offline interactions. In essence, the interactions ‘unique to online culture’ may blur with the interactions of the real world.
“Meme Diffusion through Mass Social Media.” 2012, cnets.indiana.edu/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/ices-truthy.pdf. Accessed 15 Mar. 2017.
This academic source is essentially a project proposal for the creation of infrastructure for a unified framework that will facilitate comparison of the high-level statistical features across different Web 2.0 communities, the development of general models for the behavior of users, and models for the diffusion of ideas in a social network. The article suggests that such a classification framework could be used to predict long term trends in terms of online users and memes as well as many other. The common data model required for a framework capable of collecting and analyzing massive data streams might be achieved by modeling a stream of social networking data as a series of events that represent interactions between users and memes. This means that the usage of internet memes could inform future socialization with memes. This source is important because it demonstrates specific methods by which human socialization can be tangibly mapped and analyzed.
TheFineBros. “TEENS REACT TO SHOOTING STARS MEMES COMPILATION.” YouTube, YouTube, 21 Feb. 2017, www.youtube.com/watch?v=30lzCD_gDqc. Accessed 15 Mar. 2017.
This popular source is a YouTube video where teens react to the Shooting Star meme. This video is relevant because it acts as a primary source for information about modern teens and their experiences with internet memes. In the segment of the video where the teens are supposed to state how they feel about the video’s topic, a general discussion about current meme culture comes into focus. As the teens start to relate the Shooting Star meme to the general popularity, reproduction, and spread of memes, insights into the intrinsic social implications become available.
Some of them talked about why the meme spread so quickly, claiming the song made it easy to identify and catchy. Upon learning that the Shooting Star meme was a trend, one teen suggested that he wished it weren’t since it’s just the same thing over and over. Two teens identified communication issues that resulted from memes. One teen conveyed frustration with peoples’ inability to express themselves without internet memes. Another suggested that you can experience a social disconnect from other teens, especially when you do not keep up with meme culture.
BOURRIER, KAREN. “Victorian Memes.” Victorian Studies, vol. 58, no. 2, Winter2016, pp. 272-282. EBSCOhost, doi:10.2979/victorianstudies.58.2.08.
Jmeblommaert, Author. “Conviviality and Collectives on Social Media: Virality, Memes and New Social Structures.” Ctrl+Alt+Dem, 13 Oct. 2014, alternative-democracy-research.org/2014/09/20/conviviality-and-collectives-on-social-media-virality-memes-and-new-social-structures/. Accessed 16 Mar. 2017.
Tippens, Will. “Memes Are Out of Control .” FEE, Foundation for Economic Education, 25 May 2016, fee.org/articles/memes-are-out-of-control/. Accessed 16 Mar. 2017.
Wang, Lin, and Brendan C. Wood. “An Epidemiological Approach to Model the Viral Propagation of Memes.” Applied Mathematical Modelling, vol. 35, no. 11, 2011, pp. 5442–5447., doi:10.1016/j.apm.2011.04.035.
Xie, et al. “Visual Memes in Social Media: Tracking Real-World News in YouTube Videos.” Proceedings of the 19th ACM International Conference on Multimedia, 2011, pp. 53–62. MM ’11, doi:10.1145/2072298.2072307. Accessed 15 Mar. 2016.